This includes sculpture, painting, mosaics, metalwork, embroidery and even architecture. Catholicism in the third millennium pdf Art since at least the fourth century. The Christian Church in Rome was influenced by the Roman style of art and the religious Christian artists of the time. Roman Christians exhibit the earliest surviving carved statuary of Jesus, Mary and other biblical figures.
In the 19th century the leadership in western art moved away from the Catholic Church which, after embracing historical revivalism was increasingly affected by the modernist movement, a movement that in its “rebellion” against nature, counters the Church’s emphasis on nature as a good creation of God. As a persecuted sect, however, the earliest Christian images were arcane and meant to be intelligible only to the initiated. Christian figures first appear in number. Syria dates from around 265 AD and holds many images from the persecution period. We can see the “Good Shepherd”, the “Healing of the paralytic” and “Christ and Peter walking on the water”. A much larger fresco depicts the two Marys visiting Christ’s tomb.
Christian worship and led to the development of a monumental Christian art. Christians were able to build edifices for worship larger and more handsome than the furtive meeting places they had been using. Existing architectural formulas for temples were unsuitable because pagan sacrifices occurred outdoors in the sight of the gods, with the temple, housing the cult figures and the treasury, as a backdrop. Roman public building used for justice and administration. The primary purpose of this new style was to convey religious meaning rather than accurately render objects and people. Byzantine Empire reached levels of sophistication, power and artistry not previously seen in Christian art, and set the standards for those parts of the West still in touch with Constantinople. Empire between 726 and 843.