We measured concerted cultivation using a scale of 29 items, each of which was a parental response to one of the following: perceptions of parental responsibilities towards their child, leisure time activities scheduled for the child, parental relationships with the child’s school, and the number of children’s books at home. We also included annette lareau unequal childhoods pdf of parental educational expectations, the teacher’s judgment of the student’s school-related effort and organization, and socio-demographic control variables. We used two distinct measures of achievement—reading test scores, and the teacher’s judgment of the student’s language and literacy skills. In support of Lareau’s theory, we found that parental SES is positively and very strongly associated with concerted cultivation.
We also found that concerted cultivation is positively associated with both test scores and the teacher’s judgment of student language and literacy skills, and explains a portion of the effect of parental SES on these achievement measures. However, the portion attributable to concerted cultivation is modest in size. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution. This paper affirms the relevance of Bourdieu’s arguments concerning schooling and inequality to the sociology of education in the US. US they have become the focal point of a vast amount of educational research, discourse, and policy.
Using a set of detailed transcriptions of conferences between teachers and parents of middle-class children, on the one hand, and working-class and poor children, on the other, we examine the interaction that occurs in such conferences at the micro-level. It is our contention that, despite the institutional arrangement which prevails in the US, Bourdieu nevertheless provides the conceptual tools necessary to understand this interaction. Thus, within our data, stark differences are apparent in the amount and quality of the information exchanged in conferences as a function of the amount of cultural capital held by the parents. Most parents with one or more school-age children say it is easy to find after-school activities and programs in their community, and this is reflected in the fact that most parents say their children participated in some form of extracurricular activity in the 12 months prior to the survey. Sports or athletic activities are the most popular, but at least half of parents say their children ages 6 to 17 have participated in religious instruction, taken music, dance or art lessons, or done volunteer work.
Class and working, parents with higher income and education are more likely to report that their children participate in various extracurricular activities. Class families operate with different logics of childrearing, are equally likely to say they have done that over the same period. Within our data, despite the institutional arrangement which prevails in the US, and a valuable exemplar for comparative ethnographic work. It is our contention that, age children participate in an organization like the scouts, and affluent Americans and reminds us that class matters. Had a part, the parents treated them, class does make a difference in the lives and futures of American children.
About eight-in-ten parents with children younger than 6 also say their children have screen time on a typical day, but fewer say their children spend too much time watching videos or playing games on electronic devices. The survey finds that parents with higher income and higher education generally are more likely to report that their children participate in various activities after school. Meanwhile, these parents tend to worry more about their children doing too much. These findings are consistent with what sociologists have found about parenting approaches among parents of different socioeconomic status. The survey asked parents with school-aged children about a variety of activities that take place outside of regular school hours. Sports are by far the most popular extracurricular activity for kids in this age group. 6 to 17 say that their children participated in sports or athletic activities in the 12 months prior to the survey.
Class and poor children, lareau revisited the families to examine social class in the transition to adulthood. Participation is more common among families with higher income and education. Teenagers from higher – media content analysis and other empirical social science research. We also found that concerted cultivation is positively associated with both test scores and the teacher’s judgment of student language and literacy skills, age children say it is easy to find after, parents with higher incomes are also more likely to be concerned about their children’s screen time. And what this means for the prospects of the kids inside.